Nityananda Mahapatra (17 June 1912–17 April 2012) was an Indian Odia politician, poet and journalist. He was imprisoned three times by the British Raj between 1930 and 1942 for nationalist activities. He came to literary prominence as editor of the Odia magazine Dagara, and as a short story writer after independence. In his political career Mohapatra served as a member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from 1957 to 1971 and as state Minister of Supply and Cultural Affairs from 1967 to 1971.
Joined Mahatma Gandhi`s Salt Satyagraha 1930 and was imprisoned for one year. During the Odenel Committee period took part in Orissa`s outlaying tracts amalgamation movement. Joined Civil Disobedience Movement and was imprisoned on three occasions. Imprisoned for nine months 1941 for delivering a speech. Detained as Security prisoner 1942 Movement and the entire family took part in it. President Bhadrak Union Board 1939. Member Balasore District Board 1946. Courted imprisonment for taking part in S.R.C. Movement 1956. Got inspiration for political activity from father who was an eminent literator grand-father who was a member in Bihar and Orissa Legislative Council and uncle who was member Legislative Council and M.L.A. (Central Legislature).
BOOKS WRITTEN:Following books published in Oriya and Hindi novels: Bhool Jibanara Lakshya Jianta Manisa Hidamati Bhanga Hada Sukhara Sandhane Egarta Khyanika Dhalagara-Kalagara Bells and Letters Patra O` Prativa Kabipriyasu Drama-Harijan Mandir Prabesh Political literature-Swarajya pala Bhoo Mahatmya Mausi (prescribed) 1952 Translation-Swarajya Sanhita being the Oriya Translation from English pablication `Indian Home Rule Mittika Putla in Hindi translated from Oriya book. Matira Manisa.