Kalindi Charan Panigrahi

Kalindi Charan Panigrahi (2 July 1901 – 15 May 1991) was a noted Odia poet, novelist, story writer, dramatist, and essayist. He was one of the members of the Odia literary group Sabuja Goshthi (the Green Group). Influenced by the romantic thoughts of Rabindranath Tagore, during the thirties when the progressive Marxist movements was in full flow in Odia Literature, Kalindi Charana Panigrahi, the older brother of Bhagabati Charana Panigrahi,the founder of Marxist trend in Odisha, formed a group in 1920 called “Sabuja Samiti”, along with two of his writer friends Annada Shankar Ray and Baikuntha Patnaik. Perhaps it was the very short existed period in Odia Literature, and later submerged with either Gandhian thoughts or Marxian thoughts. Later Kalindi Charana Panigrahi wrote his famous novel Matira Manisha, being influenced by Gandhism. He was for a period, the editor of English Journals, Bhanja Pradipa and Mayurbhanja Chronicle.

Some of his creations include poems like ‘Jadu Ghara’ and ‘Puri Mandira’, novels like ‘Matira Manisha’ and ‘Luhara Manisha’, short stories like’ Dvadashi’ and ‘Rashi Phala’, dramas like ‘Padmini’ and ‘Priyadarshi’, and essays like ‘Sahitya Samachara’ and ‘Sahityika’. For his contribution towards Odia Literature, he was honoured with fellowship of Sahitya Academy in 1971 and in the same year, he received the Padmabhushan Award by Govt. of India. In 1976, he was honoured with D. Litt degree from Sambalpur University and in 1980, he received award and citation from IFMA Trust. His pen never stopped till his death. He breathed last on May 15, 1991. Today, he is no more but his creations in the form of stories and poems will keep him alive forever.

His younger brother Bhagabati Charana Panigrahi was the founder of Communist Party in Odisha. Bhagabati’s great contribution for the Independence of India is underplayed in the history, because he was illegally imprisoned, and slow-poisoned by the British. His great grandson Suparno Satpathy is a noted writer, awarded social activist, and a young political leader.

He was honoured with the fellowship of Sahitya Academy in 1971. In the same year, he was honoured with Padma Bhushan by Government of India. In 1976, Sambalpur University conferred on him an honorary D. Litt. degree.

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