Bhubaneswar also spelt Bhubaneshwar About this sound pronunciation, is the capital of the Indian state of Odisha, formerly known as Orissa. The city has a history of over 3,000 years starting with the Mahamegha-bahana Chedi dynasty (around the 2nd century BCE) which had its capital at Sisupalgarh, nearby. Bhubaneswar, derived its name from Tribhubaneswar, which literally means the Lord (Eeswar) of the Three World (Tribhuban), which refers to Shiva.Bhubaneswar has been known by names such as Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini Nagari (“City of Temples”). It is the largest city in Odisha and is a centre of economic and religious importance in Eastern India.
With many Hindu temples, which span the entire spectrum of Kalinga architecture, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as a Temple City of India and together with Puri and Konark it forms the Swarna Tribhuja (“Golden Triangle”), one of eastern India’s most visited destinations.
The ancient capital of the Kalinga Empire, and now the capital of Orissa, Bhubaneswar history goes back over 2000 years. “Bhubaneswar” means the “abode of God” or “master of the universe” and it was also, once known as the ‘Cathedral of the East’, on account of the large number of shrines. At one time, over 7000 temples bordered the Bindu Sagar tank. Of these, 500 still survive, all built in the extravagant Oriya style. It is of these temples, that the great poet, Rabindranath Tagore had once said – ‘At all places where the eye rests, and also at places where the eye does not rest, the busy chisel of the artist has worked incessantly. The abode of god has been enveloped by a variety of figures depicting the good and the evil, the great as well as the insignificant, the daily occurrences of human life….’
Having merged its intriguing past so uniquely with its modern aspirations, it forms an integral link in the Golden Triangle that incorporates the holy city of Puri and Konark, for the tourists that flock to pay their homage to the religious, cultural and natural wonders that abound here. To the east is the famous Sun temple of Konark and the Jagannath Temple of Puri. The Lingaraj Temple of old Bhubaneswar, built in the 11th century, is another temple noted for its ancient history. The Khandagiri and Dhauligiri, situated on the outskirts of the city, carry monuments of the Jain monks since the times of the great king Kharavela. Another such monument is the Shantistupa, which was built as a symbol of peace at the site where the great Kalinga War took place between Emperor Ashoka and Kalinga (the old empire of Orissa).
The southern suburbs of the city have remnants of some of the striking temples, like the Lingaraja Temple, the Muktesvara Temple, etc., together with the famous archaeological and historical sites of Dhauli, Khandagairi and Udayagiri.
Famous Temples in Bhubaneswar:
Ananta Vasudeva Temple: 13th Century A.D.
The temple was constructed in the thirteenth century, and the complete murties of Krishna, Balarama, and Subhadra are worshiped there.Balarama stands under a seven hooded serpent, while Krishna holds a mace, chakra and a conch. The temple dates back to the period of Chandrika Devi, the daughter of Anangabhima III, during the reign of the king Bhanudeva.
Brahmeshwar Temple: 1061 AD.(6.5 km)
This temple was built by Kolavati, the mother of the Somavansi king Udyotakesari, in the eighteenth regnal year of his reign, in the Siddhatirtha locality at Ekamra.
Chintamaniswar Temple: 14th Century A.D.
The temple dates back to 14th century A.D. According to local legend the temple was built by the Kesharis (Somavamsis). Various religious sacraments like Sivaratri, Siva vivaha, jalasaya, rudrabhisekha are performed here.
Lingaraj temple is one of the most popular temples of Orissa.
The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, also known as ‘Lingaraj’. It is adorned with beautiful sculptures, which have been carved on the spire. Lingaraja temple is approximately 54.8 metres high and enshrines a huge statue of Lord Shiva, made up of granite.
Mukteshwar Temple: 7th-8th century AD
is one of the most ornate temples in Bhubaneswar. The intricate carvings of the deities stand testimony to the influence of Hindu, Buddha, and Jain style of architecture. The carvings on the roof are specially striking.
Rajarani Temple: 11th-century
Rajarani Temple is an 11th-century Hindu temple located in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha (Orissa previously), India. The temple is originally believed to be known as Indreswara and locally known as “love temple” on account of the erotic carvings of women and couples in the temple.
Ram Mandir: 20th century AD
Ram Mandir, in the heart of Bhubaneswar, Janpath, is a temple housing beautiful images of Lord Rama, Lord Lakshman, and Goddess Sita.
Famous Places in Bhubaneswar:
Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary:
Chandka Elephant Sanctuary is a wildlife reserve located in north western fringe of Bhubaneswar in the Indian state of Odisha. Nestled on Khurdha uplands of ‘Eastern Ghats’ biotic region, Chandaka forest spread over 175.79 square kilometres (67.87 sq mi) of rolling table land and small sprawling hillocks of Khurdha and Cuttack Districts. It was designated as an elephant reserve in December 1982.
Khandagiri & Udayagiri Caves:
Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha, India. The caves are situated on two adjacent hills, Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in the Hathigumpha inscription. They have a number of finely and ornately carved caves. It is believed that most of these caves were carved out as residential blocks for Jain monks during the reign of King Kharavela. Udayagiri means “Sunrise Hill” and has 18 caves while Khandagiri has 15 caves.
The caves of Udayagiri and Khandagiri, called lena or le?a in the inscriptions, were dug out mostly during the reign of Kharavela for the abode of Jaina ascetics. The most important of this group is Ranigumpha in Udayagiri which is a double storeyed monastery.
Udayagiri & Khandagiri Caves One of the earliest groups of Jain rock-cut shelters, the caves of Udayagiri (Hill of Sunrise) and Khandagiri (Broken Hills) command a unique position in the filed of history, rock-cut architecture, art and religion. The two hills rise abruptly from the coastal plain, about six km west of Bhubaneswar, separated by a highway.
Nandankanan Zoological Park is a 400-hectare (990-acre) zoo and botanical garden in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. Established in 1960, it was opened to the public in 1979 and became the first zoo in India to join World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) in 2009. It also contains a botanical garden and part of it has been declared a sanctuary. Nandankanan, literally meaning The Garden of Heavens, is located near the capital city, Bhubaneswar, in the environs of the Chandaka forest, and includes the 134-acre (54 ha) Kanjia lake.
A major upgrade was done in 2000 (after the damage caused by the super-cyclone of 1999 in coastal Odisha). More than 2 million visitors visit Nandankanan every year.
Derash Dam is Small Dam set in the Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary, the Place is very Unique Picnic Spot for It’s Natural Atmosphere.
Dhauligiri Hills is a place marked with the serenity of Daya River and lies at a distance of 8 Km from Bhubaneswar. The famous rock edicts of Ashoka are worth witnessing. Moreover, it is in Dhauli Hills that adopted the path of dharma which lets only peace and love enter your lives. The concept of dharma- vijay became his ultimate goal as he took Buddhist teachings deep into his heart. The end of the bloody battles was only to serve and favor mankind. With this, the religious and spiritual beliefs of Buddhism spread to different parts of the world. Dhauli Hills in Bhubaneswar takes you to the site of the Vishwa Shanti Stupa. The dome structure of the Shanti Stupa possesses five umbrellas and they symbolize the five essential parts of Buddhism.
Dhauli hills are located on the banks of the river Daya, 8 km south of Bhubaneswar in Odisha (India). It is a hill with vast open space adjoining it, and has major Edicts of Ashoka engraved on a mass of rock, by the side of the road leading to the summit of the hill. Dhauli hill is presumed to be the area where the Kalinga War was fought.
Odisha State Museum:
Odisha State Museum is a museum in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. In its original form it was established in 1932 and later moved to the current building in 1960.The museum is divided into eleven sections, viz, Archaeology, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Armoury, Mining & Geology, Natural History, Art & Craft, Contemporary Art, Patta Painting, Anthropology and Palmleaf Manuscripts.
Just two km from the famed Lingaraj Temple of Bhubaneswar lie the ruins of Sisupalgarh. Dating back to the 3rd or 4th century BC, these ruins show that even at that early date there was a well fortified city here, and establish the fact that the Oriya civilization has very ancient roots.
Bhubaneswar houses the ‘ Pathani Samanta Planetarium’, the Orissa State Planetarium named after the legendary Oriya astrologist Pathani Samanta ChandraShekhar, the author of the astronomical treatise – ‘Siddhanta Darpana’. It is situated right on NH-5, at Acharya Vihar square. Besides arranging regular shows on Astrological events, it also carries out science-popularization drives on special occasions.
Pipli is a Beautiful Place and known as its world famous Applique work in local language this handicraft is known as “Chandua”.The place is admired and much frequents by tourists because of the amazing applique work displaying items in bright and vibrant colors.
Jaydev Pitha (Kendubilla):
Kendubill is the birthplace of the Sanskrit lyricist, Jayadev. He is most known for his composition, the epic poem Gita Govinda, which depicts the divine love of Krishna, and his consort, Radha. This poem, which presents the view that Radha is greater than Hari, is considered an important text in the Bhakti movement of Hinduism.
Leading Institutions in Bhubaneswar:
The Utkal University, established in the year 1943, is the seventeenth oldest University in India. Its present campus at Vani Vihar, BHUBANESWAR is located on a sprawling 399.9 Acre area in the heart of BHUBANESWAR.
Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology:
The Radhakrishnan University Education Commission of 1949 emphasised the need for establishing Agricultural Universities in India., Subsequently, the indo-American team consistitued under the Chairmanship of Dr. K.R. Damle (1955), the then Vice-president of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, suggested a system of education for Indian as followed in the Land Grant Colleges of USA. The Planning Commission Committee felt the inadequacy of trained personnel for substantial output in agricultural operations with the then set up of research, education and extension in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and allied fields. In course of time, these recommendations led to the creation of the agricultural universities to accomplish the integration of teaching, research and extension.
International Institute of Information Technology, Bhubaneswar owes its origins to the initiative of the Government of Odisha. It is a result of the desire of the Government to establish a world class institute of Information Technology in the state. The Institute has been converted into a unitary university by the Government of Odisha on 20th Jan 2014.
The first and only privately managed multisector state university in Odisha.The journey of Centurion University began five years ago by a group of ambitious professionals having aspirations to take it to the pinnacle of quality education, globally.
Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University:
Recognizing its contribution to technical and professional education the University Grants Commission (UGC), in 2007, declared Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan as a Deemed University U/S 3 of the UGC Act, 1956. Ever since its inception Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, along with all its constituent institutes, has shown impressive progress in terms of knowledge & skills development, human resource and material resources. This has been corroborated by its accreditation by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) of University Grants Commission (UGC) with ‘A’ Grade in the year 2009. Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University has also been accredited by International Accreditation Organisation (IAO) for its quality of Education.
Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar is an “engineering and technology” higher education institute, located at Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. It is one of the eight new Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India under The Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Act, 2011 which establishes the eight new IITs as well as declares IT-BHU as Indian Institute of Technology.
KIIT University, formerly Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, is a co-educational, autonomous university located at Bhubaneswar in the Indian state of Odisha. The University offers under-graduate and post-graduate courses in Engineering, Bio-technology, Medicine, Management, Law, Computer application, Rural management, Fashion, Film Studies, Journalism and Sculpturing. It was one of the youngest institutions to be awarded the deemed university status(under the section 3 of UGC act 1956) in India and then the university status in 2004.
Approach: Bhubaneswar is well connected by air, rail and road to the rest of India. The modern Biju Pattnaik airport is being extended to receive wide-bodied aircraft, and one may well see international charters landing here soon.
Best time to visit: Bhubaneswar can be visited round the year, but the ideal time, especially for visitors from colder climes, would be from October to March.
Staying: With numerous hotels as well as the Odisha Tourism Development Corporation’s Panthanivas, Bhubaneswar is well equipped to accommodate every type of visitor. For the list of the major hotels with their contact numbers call us at 0674-2300000.
Incoming search terms:
- derash bbsrodia alumbabhubaneswar engineering college ram and sita dangahindu mandir km oriyaram mandira banibihar hd